Discredited Study’s Author Testifies on Gay Marriage
DETROIT - The author of a controversial study of adult children often cited by opponents of gay marriage defended his work in court on Monday but also said it was too early for social scientists to make far-reaching conclusions about families headed by same-sex couples.
University of Texas sociologist Mark Regnerus testified for more than three hours as a witness for the state of Michigan, which is defending a ban on gay marriage. The constitutional amendment, approved by voters in 2004, is being challenged by two Detroit-area nurses in a rare trial.
Regnerus was the leader of a study that screened thousands of people, ages 18 to 39, and found roughly 250 who said they grew up in a house where a mom or dad eventually had a same-sex relationship.
He found they were more likely to have problems - welfare dependence, less education, marijuana use - than young adults from stable families led by heterosexuals. But he later acknowledged that his study didn’t include children raised by same-sex couples in a stable relationship.
The results ignited a blast of criticism when they were published in an academic journal in 2012.
"Severe and swift," Regnerus told U.S. District Judge Bernard Friedman about the response.
Regnerus also said the university opened an investigation about possible scientific misconduct but closed it early in the process.
The study was financed by the New Jersey-based Witherspoon Institute, which says its mission is to help the public understand the "moral foundations" of democratic societies.
The American Psychological Association has said there’s no scientific basis for believing that gays and lesbians are unfit parents based on sexual orientation. But Regnerus believes it’s too early for sweeping statements.